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What is a zombie knife and why were they banned?

By Martin Cray ON August 18, 2016

As of Thursday the 18th of August 2016 “zombie knives” will be banned in the United Kingdom following amendments to the Criminal Justice Act 1988. Zombie knives are ornate blades which are regularly printed with images or words which glamorise violence. The ban prohibits the sale, manufacture, rental or importation of the blades. The Home…

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The Tobacco Products Directive 2016 – Electronic Cigarettes

By Martin Cray ON April 28, 2016

Back in 2001, the first EU Tobacco Products Directive was released as a mechanism to reduce tobacco usage across Europe and ensure accountability within the industry. Until very recently, electronic cigarettes have fallen outside the mischief of the TPD in terms of regulation and restrictions. However, revisions have been made and will manifest themselves in…

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Biological GBH: A Duty to Disclose?



By Martin Cray ON February 25, 2016

The law is a force dictated by social persuasion: a change in society calls for the law to catch up accordingly. With advancements in medicine and an increased awareness of the risks surrounding sexual health, the Law Commission has been prompted to release a consultation paper considering the need to include transmission of infection under…

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R v O’Leary [2015] EWCA Crim 1306: Case comment

By Martin Cray ON January 6, 2016

Hate crime is a sensitive area of the criminal law set up in England and wales. As an elevated category of offences, statute reflects the notion that hate crimes ‘hurt more’. Until recently there has been confusion within procedural law where a criminal charge has been raised, such as unlawful wounding, but not the elevated…

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